Lipid panel with LDL HDL ratio is rarely known by people. Before we talk about what lipid panel is, first we need to talk about what is LDL and HDL. LDL is the abbreviation of Low-Density Lipoprotein, it is the bad kind of cholesterol. HDL is the abbreviation of High-Density Lipoprotein, it is a good kind of cholesterol.
What is Lipid Panel?
Lipid panel is a measuring tool to calculate the level of all types of cholesterol, from HDL, LDL, and also Triglycerides. Those 3 types of cholesterol is measured in milligram per deciliter blood or mg/dl. The measurement result of LDL is usually higher than HDL. The combination of the measurement of HDL and LDL is called total cholesterol. In conclusion, by using a lipid panel, you are able to know how to figure out total cholesterol/HDL ratio.
After using lipid panel to measure all types of cholesterol in your blood, then you need to know about the ratio of your cholesterol. For example, if you have a level of total cholesterol of 200mg/dl and your level of HDL 50mg/dl, then it is 200:50, which means 4:1. Some experts suggest that the ideal ratio of total cholesterol to HDL is below 5:1 in order to reduce the risk of getting cholesterol diseases such as stroke and heart attack.
Generally, it is easier to reduce the level of LDL by diet compared to increase the level of HDL. But it does not mean impossible to increase the level of HDL in your blood. You are able to search for some tips to raise the level of HDL on the internet.
How to Measure Total Cholesterol
Before getting to know how much your total cholesterol is, your blood needs to be taken. You need to fast 9 hours to 12 hours before your blood was taken. This needs to be done because accurate measurement result needs the minimal value which the number does not increase because of food. But you are still able to drink mineral water when you are fasting. Then, bring your sample blood to the laboratory.
When the result comes, read each level of your cholesterol. The ideal level of LDL cholesterol is less than 100mg/dl. It is included in a high category if it is more than 100mg/dl. Next, read the level of your HDL. The ideal level of HDL cholesterol is at least 60mg/dl. Your level of HDL is categorized as low level if it is less than 40mg/dl. And the ideal level of Triglycerides is less than 150mg/dl. And your Triglycerides is included in high level if it is more than 150mg/dl.
Then, how do you calculate the total of your cholesterol? You just need to add the number of the 3 types of cholesterol. For example, if the level of your LDL is 90mg/dl, your HDL is 60mg/dl, and your Triglycerides is 140mg/dl, then your total cholesterol is 290mg/dl. To get the ratio, compare the total cholesterol with HDL or LDL. Those are about the lipid panel with LDL HDL ratio.